National water resources strategy towards the year 2020

backgroundWater is a natural resource, a vital substance for human life. Life is impossible without water. We use clean water for domestic consumption, health protection and sanitation. Water is crucial to agriculture, aquaculture, industry and other sectors of the economy. It is needed for hy ower and development of waterway transportation. Water is also important in maintaining the environment’s integrity and sustainability. Water is precious but limited, and is a highly vulnerable resource. Besides its benefits, water can become a danger for human beings and for the environment.

Water is a natural resource, a vital substance for human life.  Life is impossible without water.  We use clean water for domestic consumption, health protection and sanitation. Water is crucial to agriculture, aquaculture, industry and other sectors of the economy. It is needed for hy ower and development of waterway transportation. Water is also important in maintaining the environment’s integrity and sustainability. Water is precious but limited, and is a highly vulnerable resource.  Besides its benefits, water can become a danger for human beings and for the environment.

In the past decades, there have been important achievements in the exploitation of water resources and in the prevention of adverse impacts caused by water, which have significantly contributed to the nation’s socio-economic development. However, for a long time there has been insufficient awareness of the significance and importance of water for human life, health and environment. Poor water resources management and protection has resulted in many examples of serious degradation in the quality and quantity of our national water resources and in shortages of water in many regions. Today, these issues tend to be increasing in magnitude, and lavish and inefficient use of water – without planning and coordination between different industries and sectors – is still common practice.

Meanwhile, the demands for water from the all sectors of the economy are increasing and the supply-demand balance is not guaranteed in some places and times.  All of this places a significant burden on the drive towards national urbanisation and modernisation amid a surging population and the added complexity of global climate change. This situation highlights the need to reform management and protection of water resources to achieve sustainable development of the resource as well as to effectively protect against its adverse impacts.

Ensuring sustainable development within the context of increasing industrialization and modernization of the country, Prime Minister has signed the decision 81/2006/QĐ-TTg dated April 14th 2006 promulgating the National Water Resources Strategy Towards the Year 2020. This aims to strengthen the protection, exploitation, use and development of water resources, as well as the prevention and mitigation of adverse impacts caused by water.

The National Water Resources Strategy Towards the Year 2020 is the first national document set out comprehensively viewpoint, guiding principles, objectives, missions and implementation measures regarding the protection, exploitation, use and development of water resources, as well as the prevention, and mitigation of adverse impacts caused by water together with 18 high priority projects for implementation of the National Water Resources Strategy for the period 2006-2010.

It is my great honour to present the National Water Resources Strategy Towards the Year 2020 to all authority levels, sectors, national and international individuals and organisations.

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